What Is Unbilled Revenue?

Are you curious to know what is unbilled revenue? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about unbilled revenue in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is unbilled revenue?

In the world of finance and accounting, “unbilled revenue” is a term that might not be as well-known as more common financial concepts, but it plays a significant role in the revenue recognition process. In this blog, we’ll explore what unbilled revenue is, why it’s important, and how it impacts financial reporting.

What Is Unbilled Revenue?

Unbilled revenue, also known as deferred revenue, unearned revenue, or deferred income, represents income that a business has earned but has not yet billed to the customer or recognized as revenue on the financial statements. This occurs in situations where goods or services have been provided, and the revenue is earned, but the billing or collection process is delayed or has not yet taken place.

Unbilled revenue is a liability on the balance sheet because the business owes the customer the goods or services for which they haven’t yet been charged. It’s crucial for businesses to track unbilled revenue accurately to ensure proper financial reporting and revenue recognition.

Understanding The Significance Of Unbilled Revenue

Unbilled revenue holds significant importance in accounting and financial management for several reasons:

  1. Accurate Revenue Recognition: Unbilled revenue helps businesses ensure that their financial statements accurately reflect their revenue earnings. By recognizing revenue when it’s earned, companies maintain transparency and compliance with accounting standards.
  2. Smooth Cash Flow: Even though the income is unbilled, it represents earned revenue. This provides businesses with an idea of the revenue they can expect to receive in the future, which is essential for cash flow management and financial planning.
  3. Risk Management: By tracking unbilled revenue, companies can identify potential delays in billing or collection and take steps to mitigate such risks. It allows for proactive measures to expedite the billing process.
  4. Customer Relationships: Proper management of unbilled revenue helps maintain healthy customer relationships. Delayed billing can lead to customer confusion or disputes, which can harm the business’s reputation.
  5. Financial Reporting: Accurate financial reporting is essential for business stakeholders, including investors, creditors, and regulators. Unbilled revenue, when appropriately recognized and disclosed, contributes to transparent reporting.
  6. Taxation: Unbilled revenue can also have tax implications. Accurate accounting of unbilled income helps ensure that businesses are not paying taxes on revenue they have not yet received.

Recognizing Unbilled Revenue

Unbilled revenue is typically recognized when the following criteria are met:

  1. Performance Obligation Met: The business has satisfied its performance obligation by delivering goods or services to the customer.
  2. Price is Determinable: The price for the goods or services is determinable, even if it has not yet been invoiced.
  3. Collection is Probable: Collection of the revenue is highly probable, indicating that the customer is likely to pay.

Upon meeting these criteria, the business should recognize the revenue, even if it has not yet issued an invoice. The amount should be recorded as unbilled revenue on the balance sheet and later transferred to accounts receivable when invoiced.


Unbilled revenue, although not always in the spotlight, plays a vital role in maintaining accurate financial reporting, managing cash flow, and mitigating risks in business operations. It ensures that revenue is recognized when it’s earned, contributing to transparency, compliance with accounting standards, and financial stability. As businesses strive for effective financial management, unbilled revenue remains a critical component of their overall financial strategy.


What Is The Reason For Unbilled Revenue?

Unbilled AR is an Asset account on the balance sheet that represents amounts recognized as revenue for which invoices have not yet been sent. This can occur when you invoice in arrears or have any delay in billing relative to the revenue recognition trigger date.

What Is Unbilled And Billed Revenue?

Often the customer is billed after services have been performed. Unbilled Revenue is an asset on the Balance Sheet. Sending an invoice moves the transaction from Unbilled Revenue into Accounts Receivable. Only record earned amounts as Unbilled Revenue.

What Is The Entry For Unbilled Revenue?

Unbilled Revenue is treated as an asset because it is yet to be fully recognized as an income. Therefore it is debited. Revenue A/c is credited as there is an increase in income. Once the bill/invoice has been issued to the customer, the following entry is passed to close the Unbilled Revenue A/c.

How Is Unbilled Revenue Calculated?

The estimate for the unbilled portion is calculated as (Bill Amount / Number of Days in the Bill Period) * Number of Unbilled Days for the Accounting Period.

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