What Is MP Test?

Are you curious to know what is MP test? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about MP test in a very siMPle explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is MP test?

The MP test, also known as the Molisch test, is a biochemical test used to detect the presence of carbohydrates in a saMPle. It was named after its inventor, the Austrian chemist Hans Molisch, and is commonly used in the fields of microbiology, biochemistry, and food science.

In this blog post, we will explore the MP test in more detail, including its procedure, principle, and applications.

What Is MP Test?

The MP test is a qualitative test that detects the presence of carbohydrates, specifically the presence of all types of carbohydrates that can be hydrolyzed to produce furfural. Furfural is a yellow-brown coMPound that reacts with α-naphthol in the presence of sulfuric acid to form a purple-to-violet color coMPlex.

The Procedure For The MP Test

The MP test procedure is relatively siMPle and involves the following steps:

  • Preparation Of The saMPle: The saMPle to be tested should be prepared as per the standard protocols for saMPle preparation. The saMPle is then placed in a test tube.
  • Addition Of Reagents: A few drops of α-naphthol reagent are added to the test tube containing the saMPle, followed by the addition of concentrated sulfuric acid. The test tube is then gently shaken.
  • Observation: The appearance of a purple to violet color in the test tube indicates a positive result for the presence of carbohydrates.

Applications Of The MP Test

The MP test has various applications in different fields, including:

  • Microbiology: The MP test is commonly used in microbiology to identify bacteria that can ferment carbohydrates. It is used to differentiate between bacteria that produce acid or neutral fermentation products.
  • Food Science: The MP test is used to detect the presence of carbohydrates in food products, such as fruits and vegetables, cereals, and dairy products. It can also be used to detect adulteration in food products.
  • Biochemistry: The MP test is used in biochemistry to identify carbohydrates and their derivatives in various saMPles. It is commonly used to analyze the coMPosition of cell wall coMPonents of plants and bacteria.

Limitations Of The MP Test

Although the MP test is a reliable and sensitive test, it has some limitations. The test is not quantitative, and the results obtained only indicate the presence of carbohydrates. Additionally, the MP test can give false-positive results in the presence of certain other coMPounds, such as phenols and reducing sugars.


In conclusion, the MP test is a siMPle and widely used biochemical test for detecting the presence of carbohydrates in a saMPle. It is commonly used in microbiology, food science, and biochemistry, and can provide valuable information about the coMPosition of various saMPles. However, it has some limitations and should be used in conjunction with other tests to obtain accurate and reliable results.


What Is The MP Blood Test For?

This test is performed to identify the presence of the malarial parasite in the blood. It is additionally used to observe the growth of treatment for malaria. Once the cure of malaria is started, the medical doctor may also encourage a re-test to observe the treatment.

How Is The MP Test Done?

The most commonly used tests to detect the malaria parasite are Malarial Parasite by Smear Examination (Blood) Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) such as. Malaria detection by Quantitative Blood Count (QBC), Blood.

What Is The Normal Range For An MP Test?

A person’s normal range of malaria test results is typically between 0 and 3 parasites per mille. However, this can vary depending on various factors, including the person’s age and health.

What Is The Cost Of A Malaria Peripheral Smear Test?

The cost of Malaria Smear in India varies from ₹ 90 to ₹ 200 in 13 cities of India.


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