What Is Judicial Custody?

Are you curious to know what is judicial custody? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about judicial custody in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is judicial custody?

When legal proceedings take a turn towards judicial custody, individuals find themselves entangled in a complex web of legalities and confinement. This detailed exploration aims to shed light on the concept of judicial custody, detailing its nuances, differences from police custody, bail procedures, and the duration an individual can be held under its umbrella.

What Is Judicial Custody?

Judicial custody refers to the lawful detention of an individual by judicial authorities during the pendency of legal proceedings. It is a phase in the criminal justice system where individuals accused of crimes are held in custody by the judiciary, often awaiting trial or other legal processes.

Life In Judicial Custody

Life in judicial custody involves the detained individual residing in a designated facility, such as a prison, until legal proceedings are concluded. The conditions and treatment during judicial custody vary based on the legal system, the severity of the alleged crime, and the facilities available.

Judicial Custody Vs. Police Custody

Judicial Custody:

  • In judicial custody, individuals are detained under the authority of the judiciary.
  • It follows legal procedures, and the decision to remand an individual to judicial custody is made by a judicial magistrate or court.
  • Judicial custody typically occurs after a person is arrested by the police, and the court determines the need for further detention.

Police Custody:

  • Police custody involves the initial detention of an individual by law enforcement authorities for investigation purposes.
  • It is a temporary phase where the police can question the accused and gather evidence.
  • Police custody is limited in duration and requires the production of the accused before a magistrate within 24 hours.

Bail In Judicial Custody

Securing bail in judicial custody involves a legal process where the accused, through their legal representative, requests the court to release them from custody until the trial concludes. Bail is granted based on various factors, including the nature of the offense, evidence, and the likelihood of the accused appearing for court proceedings.

How Long Can A Person Be Kept In Judicial Custody?

The duration a person can be kept in judicial custody varies based on legal provisions, the seriousness of the offense, and the progress of legal proceedings. In many jurisdictions, there are guidelines specifying the maximum duration an individual can be held in judicial custody without trial.

What Happens After 14 Days Judicial Custody?

After 14 days in judicial custody, the legal system often requires a review of the detention. If the trial is not yet concluded, the court may reassess the need for continued custody, considering factors such as the complexity of the case, the availability of evidence, and the possibility of the accused tampering with witnesses.

What Is Judicial Custody In Hindi?

In Hindi, judicial custody is referred to as “न्यायिक हिरासत” (Nyayik Hirasat). The term encapsulates the legal detention of individuals under the jurisdiction of the judiciary.

Supreme Court Guidelines On Police Custody

The Supreme Court, in various judgments, has laid down guidelines regarding police custody to prevent abuse and protect the rights of the accused. These guidelines emphasize the rights of the accused, the need for legal representation, and the prohibition of torture or coercion.

Judicial Custody Vs. Police Custody Upsc

For aspirants preparing for competitive exams like UPSC, understanding the distinctions between judicial custody and police custody is crucial. It involves knowledge of legal procedures, constitutional rights, and the functioning of the criminal justice system.


In conclusion, judicial custody is a pivotal phase in the legal journey of individuals accused of crimes. It represents the period during which the accused are held under the authority of the judiciary, awaiting the completion of legal proceedings. The distinction between judicial custody and police custody, the bail process, and the duration of detention are essential aspects that individuals, legal professionals, and those preparing for competitive exams need to comprehend. As the legal landscape continues to evolve, a nuanced understanding of judicial custody becomes increasingly important for a fair and just legal system.


What Happens After Judicial Custody Is Over?

You might ask the question what happens after 14 days judicial custody. The answer will be that on completion of the 15days remand at the judicial custody, the accused will be taken to court again. There a further extension of the remand period might be ordered by the Judge.

Can Police Interrogate During Judicial Custody?

During Judicial Custody, the police officer in charge of the case is not allowed to interrogate the suspect. However, the court may allow the interrogations to be conducted if it opines the interrogation is necessary under the facts produced before the court.

What Is Meant By Judicial Remand?

Judicial Remand- in this type of remand, the accused is either sent to the local jail or such other establishment which is within the watchful authority of the judiciary. This implies that custody of the accused is in the hands of the judiciary.

How Long Can Police Detain You Without Charge In India?

167 of the Cr. P.C. vests the power in the Magistrate to authorize the detention of the arrested person for more than 24 hours of the investigation cannot be completed within that period.

I Have Covered All The Following Queries And Topics In The Above Article

Life In Judicial Custody

What Happens After 14 Days Judicial Custody

Judicial Custody Vs Police Custody

Bail In Judicial Custody

How Long Can A Person Be Kept In Judicial Custody

What Is Judicial Custody In Hindi

Supreme Court Guidelines On Police Custody

Judicial Custody Vs Police Custody Upsc

What Is Judicial Custody